Dan Johnson

Doing something unusual this week…

Just a quick little post from Arkansas. That’s right; I’m in Arkansas. I’m visiting Southern Arkansas University to interview, teach a class, and give a lecture. They are considering me for a position as Assistant Professor of Art and Design. I’ve been trying for something like this since last year, so we will see what happens. If it does, I have to consider whether I want to make a major move to the South. More to come.

The final image

The pipe threader is done, with a background that is a bit looser. But you may notice the right side looks kind of empty. The plan was to put an element there. I wasn’t really pleased with the concept and layout, but the client is always right. Right? I was provided an image of a drilling rig truck, drilling with segments of pipe. I had to make some changes to the view and color. I also simplified it a bit, since there was a lot of detail and not much time to do it. Also, the source photo wasn’t that large and clear, so working at a very large size, I had to make up a lot of it. The result was that it didn’t quite have as polished a look as the threader, but it couldn’t be helped. Sized down enough to put on the web, you probably won’t notice. Overall, I liked it and it’s a pretty good illustration. The final exhibit version had text, a logo, and other info in the top right corner, but that covered up some of the image.

Finished background

Finally, it’s done. Well, this part anyway. The background is painted it. I decided to just suggest the details on top of the vector elements. They were painted on three layers: one in Multiply mode for dark areas and shadows, one in Color Dodge mode for specular highlights, then another one in Multiply for overall shadows. These layers were then taken down in opacity until I got the look I wanted. Because I wasn’t putting in as much fine detail as in the foreground element, I wanted to knock it back a bit so it wouldn’t compete. I also wanted to make it stylistically a bit different so that the pipe and threader would stand out. If you think the right side looks a bit empty, you are right. Another element needs to go there, which is another reason to keep it simple.

Putting in the background

Now it’s time to work on the background. This threader is in a sort of chamber with metal walls and grooves, covered by specks, grit, and so on. I’m not sure how much detail I want on it, but as usual, I’m starting with vector shapes and layer effects to get the general shapes in. It looks pretty basic compared with the details of the foreground element, but that’s okay at this point. Actually, it looks pretty good as it is. I’m using layer masks to fade away various layers as they move toward the right side of the image. With everything blocked in and placed correctly, now I can start painting and figure out how much detail and texture will go into the background.

A bit more

This part of the image is about done. The side, or drum, of the whole contraption has been finished. As with the other parts, it is a vector shape layer with painting on top of it. I also used a scatter brush to paint in metallic specks covering most surfaces. I guess this if from the metal shavings that come off the pipe as the threads are cut. At first, I wasn’t sure about them, but now I think I like them and they certainly add a more complete look to the surface. Oddly enough, this piece is turning out much better than I had expected and it might end up being one of my best pieces ever. 

Further progress

Here’s a bit more on this image. I’ve been going at it pretty hard this week. At this point, you can see that I have finished painting in the textures on two of the three prongs that hold the pipe in the middle. The bottom one is still blank; all you see on it is the layer effects. As I mentioned previously, just using them accomplishes quite a lot. For the large and small bolt holes on them, I made a smart object, then duplicated it for each one. That way, a fix to one will apply to all. The threads are based on a selection made from the pipe opening. They are actually just a series of curves spaced out evenly, not a true spiral, but I think the effect works.

Work in progress

For this post, I thought I would do something a bit different. I’m working on a new illustration right now. It’s quite large as it will be for an exhibit backdrop. So I’m working at a fairly low resolution, but the file size is still pushing 1 Gb. The final image has two main components to it. This first one is what I usually do, a crazy piece of machinery. It cuts threads into metal pipe. I’m sure you always wondered how that worked, right? Well, here is a very early stage in the process.

You can see parts that look blank and parts that are textured and painted. Because these are hard-edged, geometrical shapes, I use Photoshop’s vector Shape tools to build them, then use those layers as clipping masks for the painted textures on layers above to make it look realistic. To save myself time, I try to take advantage of layer styles like drop shadow, glows, bevel and emboss, inner shadow, gradient overlay, and so on to add realistic effects to the shapes. This helps, but can only go so far, so hand painting is usually needed. But they both work together for a nice effect.

The face of this machine is a big, thick metal tube. It is obviously round, but since this is a perspective view, you see it foreshortened. It is hard to work in perspective and get things right, especially if you are dealing with circles. That’s with parts like this are created head on with no perspective. I turn that part into a smart object with as many layers as I need to get the desired effect, then transform it into place in the main PSD. That way, I can go back and fine tune the perspective (done with Skew and Distort) and also work on the original smart object, then update the final result. Here is what the flat, untransformed image in the smart object looks like:

Work in progress
I hope you like it so far. Stay tuned for more progress.

My work from last year

Well, it’s a new year ahead of us, hopefully one that will be better than the last. For my first post of 2015, I thought I would go through the freelance illustration projects I did last year. It might seem like there aren’t that many, but for about 6 months, I was working at 2K Games, so I didn’t do much outside of that. Let’s take a look:

Back to my more technical images. This one started as a 3D model I built in Cinema 4D. I then rendered various passes, brought them into Photoshop for compositing, then painted on them for the final result. For the cutaway areas, I rendered a different version and combined it in Photoshop with a layer mask. Water, debris, and so on was obviously hand painted. It’s not too exciting, but it pays the bills (eventually, anyway).
My work from last year
This one is a bit different from my usual project, something done completely in Illustrator. The majority of the design was from another artist, but it was a bit rough and I was called in to finish it off. Working with vectors is by nature much more precise, so more care needs to be taken to make sure everything comes off as it should.
My work from last year
Now here is an example of what I usually do. I had fun on this one as it had some cool technical parts, complex surfaces, and an outdoor setting. I was able to do my own thing a bit here, so I came up with dramatic lighting and colors. You may recognize the mountains from my winter scene. I did this one much earlier, with the idea of coming back and putting them into my personal project. Here, the mountains are flipped so that their lighting and shadows match up with the foreground images.
My work from last year
My work from last year
I’m not so sure about these, but here they are. I got an unexpected call from an agency in Ohio that wanted me to do a pair of illustrations for an ad campaign. At first, I was planning to paint them, but it soon turned out that they wanted photo-realistic images, so that’s what I had to do. It was their concept and I don’t know how successful it is, but they seemed to like them, so here they are.
My work from last year
Here’s one I posted previously. I had to do a few different versions of it, as the client kept changing their mind or something. I actually like doing product illustrations like this and it was quite enjoyable. A 3D render was provided for me, but I ended up redoing it with my own perspective.
My work from last year
I don’t really claim this one as it’s not my concept or composition. A tight 3D render was provided for me and I just needed to do the textures, painting, and atmospherics to finish it off. It’s not really the approach I would have taken for this project and I did make some suggestions, but it had already been approved by the time it got to me, so there wasn’t much that could be changed. I don’t think it’s an example of my best work and I don’t plan on showing it around, so don’t tell anyone, okay?
My work from last year
Another one I really liked. There was a quick turnaround on this painting, but I had very close source material to work from, so it was pretty easy. I had to do 2 versions: a long horizontal one for a calendar header, and a higher res vertical one for a magazine ad. This is my own personal crop of it, incorporating a bit of both. Muddy reflections were something new to try out and I used Smart Objects to get the effect I needed. If you look closely, you may see a vignette along the edges and some chromatic aberration/light wrap as the crane boom and cables go against the sky. It’s something I have been trying to bring in a bit of photographic quality to my paintings. My daughter thought the background was pretty.
My work from last year
What can I say about this one? I just do what I’m told. My first ugly Christmas sweater, so that’s something. The right image was done by another artist and I had to modify to create a Christmas scene. I guess you see what this client thinks everyone wants as a gift this year.
My work from last year
Another one for the same client. Not much illustration here, but it’s something I suppose. As illustrators, we can’t be proud of everything we get to do. But if it turns out okay and the client likes it, that’s some sort of accomplishment. Plus, it was a chance to try some quick Photoshop tricks for crinkled paper, textures on cylinders, and reflections.
So that’s it. I actually did more than this during the previous year. There were some matte painting projects and some interactive animations, as well as comps I sketched out that were finished by other artists, but these are the images that can easily be shown here. As with any illustrator, there is work here I really like, and work I don’t so much, and stuff that falls somewhere in-between. 

Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays to all!

Some work has been set aside this season as I have been busy with family and holiday concerns. I’ve also been doing a lot of looking for work, including applying to various teaching positions for illustration professors across the country. Nothing back on that yet. But I have been working on a digital painting as a gift for my in-laws. It’s based on some photos I took on a winter trip to the Sawtooth Mountains in Idaho at the beginning of this year. I had painted the mountains quite a while ago and used them as the background for an earlier illustration, but my plan had always been to finish up the painting as a Christmas present. For some reason, it was not so easy to get back into it and the final details were especially taxing. As we all know, that last 5% is sometimes the most difficult.
I worked on at at a size of 11″x14″ at about 200 ppi and printed it out  full-size. The final print was done at Staples on their large-format printer and turned out quite nice. I then matted and framed it (although very cheaply). Overall, I liked the final result and I think it was appreciated as a gift. I hope you like it as well; it will have to serve as my Christmas image this year.

Corporate Christmas animation

I just finished a little project recently. If you have perused my work before, you may recognize this illustration. It was done years ago as the cover of a corporate Christmas card. Or should that be ‘Holiday’ card? Anyway, I was quite pleased with how it turned out and the client like it as well. A few days ago, I was asked if I could turn it into an animation. First it was supposed to be an animated GIF, but they finally decided on HD video. That’s great. No need to rely on technology that’s 25 years old anyway. I’m talking to you, everyone who loves animated GIFs these days. I don’t know why those are coming back in vogue. Oh yes, I do. It’s because Apple mobile devices like iPads and iPhones are doing a good job of killing true Internet video. 
The animation was done in Photoshop using my original layered PSD. Photoshop’s animation tools and timeline are very much like After Effects, so it was easy to do. I then exported it as video directly from Photoshop. Another artist created the final video with the music and text at the end. I think it looks pretty good. What do you guys think?